GKKnowSTUDY

Grammar a an the articles

a an the
a an the

Grammar a an the articles

Grammar a an the articles-A, An and The – These three are called Articles. They are also classified as adjectives because they modify nouns or provide additional information about them.

the articles help to specify whether we are talking about something specific or something more general. “A” and “an” are used to refer to any member of a general group, while “the” is used to refer to a specific member of a group that has already been identified or is known to the reader/listener.

Definite Article – “The”:

Usage: “The” is used when we are referring to a specific item or group of items that is known or has been previously mentioned.

Example: “I saw a cat in the garden. The cat was black.”

Indefinite Articles – “A” and “An”:

Usage:

“A” is used before words that begin with a consonant sound.

“An” is used before words that begin with a vowel sound.

Example:

“I have a dog.”

“She has an interesting book.”

We have often been taught that „an‟ is used when the next word starts with a vowel and „a‟ is used when the next word starts with a consonant. If it is true, then why do we say „An hour‟ or „A university‟; „h‟ is a consonant, why don‟t we use „a‟ before it & „u‟ is a vowel, why don‟t we use „an‟. The fact is; it‟s not about starting of next word with a vowel or a consonant, rather it‟s all about the starting of next word with a vowel sound or a consonant sound

  • Definite Article [The]- Definite Article „The‟ generally points out a particular person, place or thing.
  • 2) Indefinite Article [A/An]- Indefinite Article „A/An‟ does not point out any particular person or thing.
A an The
A an The

Assume that You are at home. Suddenly, a boy knocks at the door and wants to talk to your dad. You go to your dad and say „Dad, a boy is at the door, who wants to talk to you.‟ Since your father hadn‟t told you beforehand that there was some boy about to come, that‟s why you used „a‟. Just imagine, if your father had already told you about that boy then you would have instead said „Dad, the boy is at the door, who had to come to talk to you.‟ If the person, place or thing is unknown or being talked about for the first time, then we need to use indefinite article i.e. “a” or “an”, however if the person, place or thing is known and already been talked about, then we need to use definite article i.e. “the”.

We have often been taught that „an‟ is used when the next word starts with a vowel and „a‟ is used when the next word starts with a consonant. If it is true, then why do we say „An hour‟ or „A university‟; „h‟ is a consonant, why don‟t we use „a‟ before it & „u‟ is a vowel, why don‟t we use „an‟. The fact is; it‟s not about starting of next word with a vowel or a consonant, rather it‟s all about the starting of next word with a vowel sound or a consonant sound.

(When to use “A” and when to use “An”)

An will be used if the next word starts with a vowel sound.

A will be used if the next word starts with a consonant sound.

Examples:

A boy -Consonant sound so used „a‟

A pen -Consonant sound so used „a‟

A university -Consonant sound  so used „a‟

A year Consonant sound so used „a‟

Vowel sound so used „an‟

A bucket Consonant sound so used „a‟

An honest Vowel sound so used „an‟

An hour Vowel sound so used „an‟

An MLA Vowel sound so used „an‟

A union Consonant sound  so used „a‟

An orange Vowel sound so used „an‟

(When to pronounce “the” and when to pronounce “thee”)

The will be pronounced as „thee if the next word starts with a vowel sound.

The will be pronounced as „the if the next word starts with a consonant sound.

Examples:

the boy Consonant sound so pronounce as „the‟

the pen Consonant sound so pronounce as „the‟

the university Consonant sound  so pronounce as „the‟

the year  Consonant sound so pronounce as „the‟

the ear Vowel sound so pronounce as „thee‟

the bucket Consonant sound so pronounce as „the‟

the hour Vowel sound so pronounce as „thee‟

the MLA Vowel sound so pronounce as „thee‟

the orange Vowel sound so pronounce as „thee‟

the end ,UM Vowel sound  so pronounce as „thee‟

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *